The following text and information are taken directly from the Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer et al. 1998:16-22) with additions/corrections appearing in red (source in parentheses).

"Many abbreviations used for specimen collections in Parts I and II are standard ones usually cited in systematic papers on fishes; some are summarized in a list prepared by Leviton et al. (1985). Some have changed, such as ZIL, for Zoological Institute Leningrad, becomes ZISP, Zoological Institute St. Petersburg, with the change in name of the city, and many abbreviations have been added or modified since Leviton et al. In other cases, more than one abbreviation may be in current use for a collection. There are over 400 fish collections containing type specimens. If an abbreviation occurs in Part I or II and does not appear in the list below, then the user is directed to the original literature source. Also, some collections may appear under more than one abbreviation."

Fish Collection
ABE Personal collection of T. Abe; some types are housed at the Tokyo fish market. Collection will be transferred.
ACAP Aquaculture Center, Aomori, Japan.
AFAQ Amateur Fisheries Association of Queensland, Australia. Most specimens transferred to Queensland Museum (QM), Brisbane.
AFY Agust�n Fern�ndez-Y�pez collection. Personal collection; at least some of this collection is at SCN, Venezuela.
AHF Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California, California, U.S.A. Types incorporated into the LACM collection.
AIM Auckland Institute and Museum, Auckland, New Zealand.oALA University of Alabama Museum of Natural History, University, Alabama, U.S.A.
AMG Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa.
AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, U.S.A.
AMS Australian Museum, Sydney, N. S. W., Australia.
ANSP Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
ARC Atlantic Reference Centre, New Brunswick, Canada.
ASIO Academia Sinica Institute of Oceanology, Quingdao, China.
ASIZB Academia Sinica Institute of Zoology, Beijing, China.
ASIZT Academia Sinica Institute of Zoology, Taipei, Taiwan. Also seen as ASIZP.
ASU Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, U.S.A.
AUM Auburn University Museum, Auburn, Alabama, U.S.A.
BAH Biologische Anstalt Helgoland Marine Station, Helgoland, Germany.
BCFH Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Honlulu, Hawaii. Much of collection transferred to BPBM.
BCPM British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria B. C., Canada. Now RBCM = Royal British Columbia Museum.
BCUE Department of Biology, Ch�ongju University of Education, Korea.
BKNU Kunsan National University, Department of Biology, Korea.
BLUZ Museo de Biologia, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela.
BMAM Beijing Natural History Museum, Beijing, China.
BMNH Natural History Museum, London. Formerly British Museum Natural History, London. Preferred style BMNH 1945.6.6.3-4, with periods, no colon; year cataloged. month cataloged. day cataloged. specimens.
BNHM Bombay Natural History Museum, Bombay, India.
BOC Bingham Oceanographic Collection, now Yale Peabody Museum [YPM].
BPBM Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A.
BSKU Kochi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kochi, Japan.
BSMP Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Science, Manila, Philippines. Evidently entire collection destroyed during World War II.
BSNH Boston Society of Natural History. Surviving specimens now at MCZ.
BSRM Biological Station Reference Museum at Porto Novo, Annamalai University, India.
BYU Brigham Young University, Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum, Provo, Utah, U.S.A.
BZT Biological Institute Titograd, Yugoslavia.
CAC-CDMB Ichthyological Collection, Regional Autonomous Corporation for the Defense of the Bucaramanga Plateau (CDMB), Bucaramanga, Colombia
CAS California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
CAS-IU Indiana University. Now mostly at CAS and recataloged with CAS numbers.
CAS-SU See SU [now at CAS].
CAUSC Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Centro de Agrarias, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
CBD Collezione Ittiologica Balma-Delmastro. Collection of G.A.C Balma and G. B. Delmastro [Torino, Italy].
CBF Colecci�n Boliviana de Fauna, Museo Nacional de Histoire Natural, Instituto de Ecolog�a, Bolivia.
CBM Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba, Japan.
CBSIZA Caspian Biological Station Institute of Zoology, Azerbijan.
CCB Central College, Bangalore, India.
CCML Coleccion Ictiologica del Departamento de Ciencias Marinas de la Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands.
CEMBP Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
CIB Academia Sinica, Chengdu Institute of Biology, China.
CIMAR Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Centro de Investigaciones del Mar, Valparaiso, Chile.
CIP Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras, Cartagena, Colombia.
CIZ Centro de Investigaciones Zool�gicas, Chile.
CM Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Now mostly at FMNH and CAS.
CMC Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand.
CMK Personal collection of Maurice Kottelat [Switzerland]. See also ZSM/CMK.
CMNFI Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa. Same as NMC - National Museums of Canada.
CNRO Centre National de Recherches Oceanographiques, Nossi-Be, Madagascar.
CNU Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Chonbuk National University, Chonju, Korea. Also seen as CNUC.
CNUC Chonbuk National University, Chonju, Korea. Also seen as CUBK.
CRH Centre de Recherche en Hydrobiologie, Uvira, Zaire. Also as CRHU.
CRRHA Centre R�gional de Recherches en Hydrobiologie Appliqu�e, Bujumbura, Burandi.
CRS-ZSI Central Regional Station, Zoological Survey of India, Jabalpur, India.
CSIRO Commonwealth Science & Industrial Research Organization, Division of Marine Research, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Formerly at Cronulla, Australia, also includes specimens from Marine Lab. Sydney.
CSU Colorado State University, Colorado Cooperative Fishery Unit, Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S.A.
CU Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A; formerly Cornell University Vertebrate Collections.
CUB Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
CUBK Department of Biology, Chonbuk National University, Korea. Also seen as CNUC and CUB but not our CUB above.
CUP Charles University, Division of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Prague, Czechoslovakia.
DBCUCH Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Biolog�a Celular y Genetica, Santiago, Chile.
DBFFEUCS Departamento de Biolog�a de la Faculdad de Filosof�a y Educaci�n de la Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
DHISUB Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Sofia Univiversity, Bulgaria.
DHMB Department of Harbours and Marine, Brisbane, Australia. Collection transferred to Queensland Museum (QM), Brisbane, Australia.
DISCA Estaci�n Biol�gica de Rancho Grande, Ministerio del Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Renovables, Venezuela.
DU Duke University Vertebrate Collection, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.
DVZUT Department of Vertebrate Zoology, University of T�ng-Hop, Hanoi, Vietnam.
DZSASP Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, S�o Paulo, Brazil. Formerly Museu Paulista.
DZUFRGS Departamento de Zoologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
DZUH Departamento de Zoologia, Universidad de Havana, Cuba.
DZVU Universidad de Uruguay, Departmento de Zoologia Vertebrados, Montevideo, Uruguay.
EBMC Universidad de Chile, Estaci�n Biolog�a Marina de Montemar, Chile.
EBMTV Estaci�n de Biolog�a Marina del Instituto Tecnol�gico de Veracruz, Mexico.
ECSFI East China Sea Fisheries Institute, Shanghai, China.
EEBP Esta�ao Experimental de Biologia e Piscicultura de Pirassununga, Brazil.
ENCB Escuela Nacional Ciencias, Colleccion Herpetozoarios, Mexico.
EPN Escuela Polytecnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador.
EUB Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ehime University, Japan.oFAK Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Kinki University.
FAKOU Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi Univerisity, Kochi, Japan. Specimens now in BSKU.
FAKU Kyoto University, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Japan. FAKU has several catalog series, including a K, W, and A series. The collection is housed at Maizuru, Japan, not at Kyoto.
FBQ Fisheries Branch, Departement of Primary Industries, Brisbane, Australia.
FCLR Fundaci�n Cient�fica Los Roques, Caracas, Venezuela.
FCRM Fisheries College Reference Museum, Tuticorin Tamil Nadu, India.
FDNR Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida, U.S.A.
FFSUC Faculty of Forestry Sciences, Universidad de Chile, Ichthyological Collection, Santiago, Chile.
FML Instituto Fundacion Miguel Lillo, Tucuman, Argentina (Leviton et al. 1985:806)
FMNH Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
FMRI Central Marine Fisheries Marine Research Institute, Mandapam Camp, India.
FNU Nagasaki University, Faculty of Fisheries, Nakasaki, Japan.
FOSJ Fisheries and Oceans Biological Station, St. John�s, Newfoundland, Canada.
FRCL Fisheries Research Centre, Likas, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
FRIHP Fisheries Research Institute of Hunan Province, China.
FRLM Faculty of Fisheries, Mie University, Fisheries Research Laboratory, Mie-ken, Japan.
FRSKU Kyoto University, Fisheries Research Station, Japan. Same as FAKU.
FSFRL Far Seas Fisheries Research Laboratory, Shimizu, Japan. Most types now at FAKU.
FSU Florida State Univeristy. Transferred to Florida State Museum, see UF-FSU.
FUMT University of Tokyo, Department of Fisheries, University Museum, Tokyo, Japan.
GCM Government College, Department of Zoology, Lahore, Pakistan.
GCRL Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, U.S.A.
GMBL College of Charleston, Grice Marine Biological Laboratory, Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.
GMNGZ Glasgow Museum and Art Galleries, Natural History/Zoology, Glasgow, Scotland.
GNHNA Gallery of Natural History and Native Art, Medlow Bath, New South Wales, Australia.
GVF George Vanderbilt Foundation. Specimens now at CAS.
HACW Department of Fishery, Huazhong Agriculture Collection, Wuhan, China.
HKFRS Hong Kong Fisheries Research Station, Aberdeen, Hong Kong.
HSU Humboldt State University, Arcata, California, U.S.A.
HUJ Hebrew University, Department of Zoology, Jerusalem, Israel.
HUMZ Hokkaido University, Laboratory of Marine Zoology, Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido, Japan.
HZM Museum of Natural History (Hrvatski Zooloski Muzej), Zagreb, Croatia.
IAA Instituto Antarctico Argentinao, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
IADIZA Instituto Argentino de Investigación de Zonas Aridas, Mendoza, Argentina (Fernández & Vari 2002:739)
IAVHP Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, Villa de Leyva, Bogotá, Colombia.
IBAUNC Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Instituto de Biologia Animal, Medoza, Argentina.
IBH Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Biolog�a, Mexico.
IBRP Institute for Breeding Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan.
IBTS Institutul de Biologie, Tr. Savulescu, Bucharest, Romania.
IBUNAM Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Departmento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Mexico, DF, Mexico. Apparently the same as UNAM and IBH.
ICM Instituto de Ciencias del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.
ICNMHN Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogot�, Colombia. Also seen as ICNMNH.
IFAN Institut Fondamental d�Afrique Noire, Dakar, Senegal.
IFI Imperial Fisheries Institute, Tokyo University of Fisheries. Matsubara�s collection that was transferred to FAKU in 1947, although some specimens were lost, FAKU catalog numbers = Matsubara numbers.
IHASW Institute Hydrobiology Academy Sinica, Wuhan, China.
IIPB Instituto de Investigaciones Pesqueras de Barcelone, Spain.
ILPLA Museo de La Plata, Instituto de Limnologia, La Plata, Argentina.
IMARPE Instituto del Mar del Peru, Lima, Peru.
INALI Instituto Limnologia, Santo Tom�, Argentina.
INHS Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaigne, Illinois, U.S.A.
INIBP Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Biol�gico Pesqueras, Mexico.
INIP Instituto Nacional de Investiga�ao das Pescas, Alges, Portugal.
INPA Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
INVEMAR Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betin, Santa Marta, Colombia.
IO Instituto Oceanogr�fico da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Formerly Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia.
IOH Academia de Ciencias, Instituto de Oceanologia, Habana, Cuba.
IOM Institute of Oceanology, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
IOPM Izu Oceanic Park Museum, Izu, Japan.
IORD Takai University, Institute of Oceanic Research and Development, Shimuzu, Japan.
IOS Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Surrey, England.
IPN Instituto Politecnico, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biolog�cas de Mexico, Mexico.
IRSM Institut Recherche Scientifique de Madagascar.
IRSNB Institut Royal des Sciences Natureles de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium.
ISBB Institutul de Stiinte Biologice, Bucuresti, Romania.
ISC Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa, U.S.A.
ISER Institutul Speologie Emil G. Racovita, Bucurest, Romania.
ISH Universitat Hamburg, Institut f�r Seefischerei, Hamburg, Germany. Citation of catalog numbers perferred by ISH is to use a complete year, i.e. ISF 130/71 becomes 130-1971.
ISTPM Institut Scientifique et Technique des Peches Maritimes, Nantes, France.
ISU Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana, U.S.A.
IU Indiana University. Now mostly at California Academy of Sciences (CAS).
IZA Universita di l�Aguila, Instituto di Zoologia, Aquila, Italy.
IZAC Academia de Ciencias, Instituto de Zoologia, Habana, Cuba.
IZPAN Zoological Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.
IZUA Universidad Austral de Chile, Instituto de Zoologia, Valdivia, Chile.
IZUCS Universita di Cagliari, Instituto de Zoologia, Sardinia, Italy.
JNU Department of Biology, Ji Nan University, China.
KFRS Kanudi Fisheries Research Station, Konedobu, Papua New Guinea.
KHMM Kultur Historisches Museum, Magdeburg, Germany.
KIFB Korean Institute of Freshwater Biology, Seoul, Korea.
KIZ Kunming Institute of Zoology, Yannan, China.
KMMA Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika, Tervuren. Same as MRAC.oKPM-NI Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, Kanagawa, Japan.
KSHS Kochi Senior High School, Kochi-shi, Japan. Private collection of Yamakawa; specimens have BSKU catalog numbers 50000-79999.
KU University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History, Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A.
KUMF Kasetsart University Museum of Fisheries, Bangkok, Thailand.
LACM Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
LBN Lembaga Biologi Nasional, Bogor, Indonesia.
LFBKU Laboratory of Fishery Biology, Kyushu University, Japan.
LIAIP Laboratory of Ichthyology, Akasaka Imperial Palace, Tokyo, Japan.
LICPP The Crown Prince�s Palace, Laboratory of Ichthyology, Tokyo, Japan
LON Lembaga Oseanologie Nasional, Djakarta [National Institute of Oceanology], Indonesia.
LS Linnean Society of London, Piccadilly, London, England.
LSUMZ Louisiana State University, Museum of Zoology, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.A.
MAC-APU Ministerio de Agricultura y Cr�a, Estaci�n Experimental Apure, San Fernando de Apure, Venezuela.
MAC-PAY Ministerio de Agricultura y Cr�a, Estaci�n Experimental Amazonas, Puerto Ayacucho, Venezuela.
MACLPI Ministerio de Agricultura y Cr�a, Secci�n de Pesca Interior y Piscicultura, Venezuela.
MACN Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Bernardino Rivadavia, Capital Federal, Argentina.
MAMU University of Sydney, Macleay Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Types are at AMS.
MAPA Museu Anchieta Porto Alegra, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
MB Universidade de Lisboa, Museu Bocage, Lisboa, Portugal.
MBLUZ Museo de Biología de la Universidad del Zulia, Venezuela (Perez & Viloria 1994)
MBUCV Universidad Central de Venezuela, Museo de Biologia, Caracas, Venezuela.
MCLSBB Museo Colegio La Salle Bonanova de Barcelona, Spain.
MCN Fundacacao Zoobotanica do Rio Grande do Sul, Museu de Ciencias Naturales, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
MCNC Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Caracas, Venezuela.
MCNG Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Portuguesa, Venezuela.
MCP Pontif�cia Universidade Cat�ica do Rio Grande do Sul, Museu de Ci�ncias, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
MCSNC Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Carmagnola, Italy.
MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
MD Museo do Dundo, Dundo, Angola.
MDZAU Museum Deptartment of Zoology, Andhra Univ., India.
MEPAN Museum of Evolution, Polish Academy of Sciences.
MEPN Museo Escuela Polit�cnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador. Also as Museo de Biolog�a de la Escuela.
MFA Museo "Florentino Ameghino", Santa F�, Argentina.
MFLB Marine Fisheries Laboratory, Bangkok, Thailand.
MFRU Malawi Fisheries Research Unit, Lake Malawi, Africa. Also seen as MFU.
MGAB Muzeul de Istorie Naturala �Grigore Antipa�, Bucharest, Romania.
MGHNL Mus�e Guimet d�Histoire Naturelle de Lyon, Lyon, France.
MGHSJ Matuyama Girl�s High School, Matuyama City, Japan.
MHN-UNC Departamento de Ictiolog�a del Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogot�, Colombia.
MHNG Museum d�Histoire Naturelle, Geneve, Switzerland.
MHNI Museu Hist. Naturales Universidade Federal Minas Gerais, Brazil.
MHNJP Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Museu de Historia Natural �Javier Prado�, Lima, Peru. MUSM sometimes used but not equal to MUSM below.
MHNLR Museum d�Histoire Naturelle, La Rochelle, France.
search fish types
MHNLS Museo de Historia Natural de La Salle, Caracas, Venezuela.
MHNM Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo, Montevideo, Uruguay.
MHV Musee de Haute Volta, Ouagadougou, Upper Volta.
MIKU Marine Biological Institute, Kyoto University, Japan. Specimens now at FAKU.
MLP Museo de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
MLS Marine Laboratory Sydney. Now at CSIRO.
MM Museo del Mar, Bogot�, Colombia.
MMB Moravsk� Muzeum, Brno, Czech Republic.
MMF Museu Municipal do Funchal, Funchal, Madeira.
MMG Museo Marino de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia. Also seen as MMGPe.
MMNHS Macedonian Museum of Natural History, Skopje, former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia.
MMNS Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A.
MMTT Muze-ye Melli-ye Tarikh-i Tabi�i, Tehran, Iran.
MNCN Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain
MNHN Mus�um National d�Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Several cataloging systems including numbers only, an A. series and B. series and later a system of year plus lot, MNHN 1899-456 [sometimes as 99-456].
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MNHNC Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago, Chile. Also as MNHNCH.
MNHNCH Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Also seen as NMHNC.
MNHNM Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Mexico City, Mexico.
MNHNSD Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
MNRJ Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
MNSB Museum of Natural Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
MNZ Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. Formerly NMNZ, continue to use NMNZ on bottle lots.
MOFUNG Museu Oceanogr. Fundacao Univerdidade Rio Grande, Brazil.
MOM Mus�e Oceanographique Monaco, Monaco.
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MPEG Museu Paraenese �Emilio Goeldi�, Para, Brazil.
MRAC Mus�e Royal de l�Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium.
MRCN Museu Rio-Grandense de Ci�ncias Naturais, Brazil.
MSINR Museum Sichuan Institute of Natural Resources, China.
MSLH Chinese University of Hong Kong, Marine Sciences Laboratory, Hong Kong.
MSM Marine Science Museum, Tokai Univ., Shimizu City, Japan.
MSNC Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Carmagnola, Italy. Also seen as MCSNC.
MSNG Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova �Giacomo Doria�, Genova, Italy.
MSNM Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano, Italy.
MSNV Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Venezia, Italy.
MSNVR Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona, Italy.
MSUM Michigan State University, University Museum, East Lansing, Michigan, U.S.A.
MT Museum Tinro, Vladyvostok, Russia -- now probably the private collection of Dolganov.
MTD Museum f�r Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany. [Staatliches Museum f�r Tierkunde].
MTKD Staatliches Museum f�r Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany. See MTD.
MTUF Univeristy Museum, Tokyo University of Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.
MUMF Department of Life Sciences, Manipur University Museum of Fishes, Canchipur, Manipur, India.
MUSM Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
MVZ University of California at Berkeley, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, California, U.S.A. Most of collection now at CAS.
MZB Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Java, Indonesia.
MZH Zoolgical Museum Helsinki, Finland.
MZN Mus�e Zoologie, Nancy, France.
MZUABCS Museo de Zoolog�a de la Universidad Aut�mica de Baja California Sur, Mexico.
MZUF Universita di Firenze, Museo Zoologico de la Specola, Firenze, Italy.
MZUS Universite de Strasbourg, Mus�e de Zoologie, Strasbourg, France.
MZUSP Universidade de Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
MZUT Universita di Torino, Museo Zoologico, Torino, Italy.
MZUTH Museum of Zoology, University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
MZYU Museum of Zoology, Yunnan University, China.
NARA National Aquatic Resources Agency, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
NCIP Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Oseanologi, Jakarta, Java, Indonesia.
NGI Nanjing Geographical Institute, Academia Sinica, Nanjing, China. Also as NIGL and NIG.
NHMG Naturhistoriska Museum G�teborg, Sweden. Also sometimes as GNM and NMG in literature.
NHMR Natural History Museum, Reykjavik, Iceland.
NIFI National Inland Fisheries Institute, Fish Taxonomy Division, Bangkok, Thailand.
NIG Nanjing Geographical Institute, Academia Sinica, Nanjing, China. Also as NIGL and NGI.
NIGL Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Academia Sinica.
NIWA National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Christchurch, New Zealand.
NKMC National Kweiyang Medical College, Division of Biology, Kweichow, China.
NLU Northeast Lousiana University, Museum of Zoology, Monroe, Louisiana, U.S.A.
NMBA Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
NMBE Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
NMC National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
NMFSH National Marine Fisheries Service, Honolulu, Hawaii. Also as BCFH, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Honolulu; much of collection at BPBM].
NMG Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Goteborg, Sweden. Also seen as NHMG.
NMI National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
NMK National Museum, Nairobi, Kenya.
NMMH North Manchurian Museum, Harbin, Manchuria, China.
NMNH National Museum of Natural History, New Delhi, India.
NMNZ National Museum of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand. Since 1992: Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.
NMP Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg, Natal, South Africa.
NMS National Museum, Singapore.
NMSL National Museum, Sir Marcus Fernando Mawatha, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Also seen as CMS.
NMSZ National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland [after 1985, formerly Royal Scottish Museum].
NMV National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Style is A2345 with no period after the A; also an R series and straight number system.
NMW Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien (Vienna), Austria.
NOI Nanhai Oceanographic Institute, Nanhai, China.
NPIB Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology, Xining, Qinghai, China.
NRIBAS National Research Institute of Biology, Academia Sinica, Nanking, China.
NRM Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.
NRS Northern Regional Station, Zoological Survey of India [also as ZSI/NRS].
NSMT National Science Museum, Department of Zoology, Tokyo, Japan. Preferred style is NSMT-P 12345.
NSYU National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Also as NSYSU.
NTM Northern Territory Museum of Arts & Sciences, Darwin, Northern Terr., Australia
NTUM National Taiwan University, Department of Zoology, Taipei, Taiwan
NUSMBS Niigata University, Sado Marine Biological Station, Niigata, Japan.
NYSM New York State Museum, Albany, New York, U.S.A.
NYZS New York Zoological Society, New York, U.S.A. Some specimens at CAS.
NZOI New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, Wellington, New Zealand.
OM Otago Museum, Dunedin, New Zealand.
OMNH Osaka Museum of Natural History, Osaka, Japan.
OPM Okinawa Prefectual Museum, Naha, Okinawa, Japan.
ORI Ocean Research Institute, Durban, South Africa.
ORIT University of Tokyo, Ocean Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan. Most types now at ZUMT.
ORSTOM Office de la Recherche scientifique et Technique Outre-mer. Several collections, such as at Noum�a, New Caledonia; Dakar, Senegal; Trinidad, Bolivia.
OS Oregon State University, Museum of Natural History, Corvallis, Oregon, U.S.A. Also seen as OSU.
OSM Ohio State University Museum, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.
OSUO Oregon State University, School of Oceanography, Corvallis, Oregon, U.S.A. Most specimens transferred to OS main collection.
OSUS Oklahoma State University, Department of Zoology, Stillwater, Oklahoma, U.S.A.
OUM Oxford University Museum, Oxford, England.
PEM Port Elizabeth Museum, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
PMBC Phuket Marine Biological Centre, Phuket, Thailand.
PNGM National Museum and Art Gallery, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
PNM Philippine National Museum, Manila, Luzon, Philippines.
PPSIO P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Moscow, Russia. Same as IOM.
PSU Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
PU Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.
QM Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Sometimes seen as QMB.oQVM Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia. Several numbering systems, preferred style 1972:5:44 not 72/5/44.
QVMS Queen Victoria Museum, Salisbury, Zimbabwe.
RBCM Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, Canada. Formerly BCPM.
RIFFL Research Institute of Freshwater Fisheries, Liaoning, China.
RMNH Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, Netherlands. Two systems initially, with overlapping numbers, dry collection preceded by a "D".
ROM Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
RUSI South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB); formerly J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
SACON Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Tamil Nadu, India.
SAM South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa.
SAMA South Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
SAU Southern Arkansas University, Magnolia, Arkansas, U.S.A.
SBM Sabah Museum, Sabah, East Malaysia (Ng, Martin-Smith & Ng 2000)
SCN Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales �La Salle�, Museo de Historia Natural �La Salle�, Caracas, Venezuela.
SCSFRI South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Guangzhau, China.
SDSU San Diego State University, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
SFC Laboratory of Fishes, Shanghai Fisheries University, China [also as Shanghai Fish. College].
SFRS Sea Fisheries Research Station, Haifa, Israel.
SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, U.S.A.
SIUC Southern Illinois University (Carbondale), University Museum, Carbondale, Illinois, U.S.A.
SM Sarawak Museum, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Also seen as SMK.
SMBL Kyoto University, Seto Marine Biology Laboratory, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Specimens transferred to FAKU, some lost.
SMF Natur-Museum und Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.
SMK Sarawak Museum, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. See SM.
SMNS Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde in Stuttgart, Ludwigsburg, Germany.
SMWU Sang Miung Women�s University, Seoul, South Korea.
SNHM Sudan Natural History Museum, Sudan.
SNMB Slovak National Museum, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.
SNMBR Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum in Braunschweig, Germany. Also earlier seen as NMB and SNMB.
SNMNH Saudi Arabian National Museum of Natural History, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
SPNRI Sichuan Province, Natrual Resources Institute, China.
SRS/ZSI Southern Regional Station, Zoological Survey of India, Madras, India.
SSCN Musum of the Biological Laboratory, Scientific Society of China, Nanking, China.
SU Stanford University. Specimens at CAS.
SUB Universitat Bonn, Sammlung der Universitat, Bonn, Germany.
SUF Shimonoseki University of Fisheries, Shimonoseki, Japan.
TAU Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
TCWC Texas A&M University, Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection, College Station, Texas, U.S.A.
TFMC Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands.
TFRI Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute, Chilung, Taiwan.
THUP Tunghai University, Department of Zoology, Taichung, Taiwan.
TISTR Thailand Institute for Scientific and Technological Research, Bangkok, Thailand.
TIU Tokyo Imperial University, Science College Museum, Tokyo, Japan. Now ZMUT.
TMBS Tatsuo Tanaka Memorial Biological Laboratory, Miyake-jima, Izu Islands, Japan.
TMFE Elasmobranchii Collection of the Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University.
TMH Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
TMP Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. Types at AMG.
TNHC Texas Memorial Museum, Texas Natural History Collection, Austin, Texas, U.S.A.
TU Tulane University, Department of Zoology, New Orleans, Louisiana; Tulane University, Riverside Research Laboratories, Belle Chasse, Louisiana.
TUFIL Tokyo University of Fisheries, Ichthyological Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan. Formerly IFI; now FAKU.
UAB Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Departamento de Biolog�a, Barcelona, Spain.
UABCE Universidad de Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico.
UAIC Universite Nationale de Cote d�Ivoire, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
UAM University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, U.S.A.
UAMZ University of Alberta Museum of Zoology, Alberta, Canada.
UANL Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
UAZ University of Arizona, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A.
UBC University of British Columbia, Cowan Vertebrate Museum, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
UBJTL Universidad Bogot� Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Colombia.
UCD University of California, Davis, California, U.S.A.
UCLA University of California at Los Angeles, Department of Biology, Los Angeles, California. Much of collection now at LACM.
UCR Universidad de Costa Rica, Museo de Zoologia, Depto. de Biologia, San Jose, Costa Rica.
UDONECI Universidad de Oriente, Centro de Invest. Cient. del Nucleo de Nueva Esparta, Isla Margarita, Venezuela.
UF University of Florida, Florida State Museum, Gainesville, Florida, U.S.A.
UFPB Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Jaoa Pessoa, Brazil.
UFRGS Universidade Federale do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Zoologia, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
UFRJ Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
UGAMNH University of Georgia, Museum of Natural History, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.
UGM University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam.
UH University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii. Types transferred to BPBM and some to USNM.
UI University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
UMB �bersee-Museums, Bremen, Germany.
UMIM Univeristy of Miami Ichthyological Museum, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A. No longer in existence, specimens mostly to USNM and UMML.
UMML University of Miami Marine Laboratory, Miami, Florida. Most of collection transferred to UF.
UMMZ University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.
UMOC University of Missouri, Museum of Zoology, Columbia, Missouri, U.S.A.
UMUTZ Department of Zoology, University Museum, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. This abbreviation sometimes used; same as ZMUT.
UNAM Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Departmento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Mexico, DF, Mexico. Same as IBUNAM.
UNEFM Universidad Experimental Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela.
UNOAL University of Northern Alabama, Tuscalusa, Alabama, U.S.A.
UNOVC University of New Orleans, Department of Biological Sciences, New Orleans, Lousiania, U.S.A.
UNR University of Nevada, Museum of Biology, Reno, Nevada, U.S.A.
UOMZ University of Oklahoma, Stovall Museum of Zoology, Norman, Oklahoma, U.S.A.
URB Ryukyu University Department of Zoology, Nakagusuku, Okinawa, Japan.
URM University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan.
USA University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, U.S.A.
USBCF U. S. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries. Original collection with this abbreviation mostly now at USNM.
USFC U. S. Fish Commission. Original collection using this abbreviation mostly now at USNM.
USNM National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C., U.S.A. Formerly United States National Museum; USNM acronym continues.
USP University of the South Pacific, Institute of Marine Resources, Suva, Fiji.
UT University of Tennessee, Department of Zoology, Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A.
UTEP University of Texas at El Paso, Laboratory for Environmental Biology, El Paso, Texas, U.S.A.
UUZM Uppsala University, Zoological Museum, Uppsala, Sweden.
UW University of Washington, College of Fisheries, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
UZA Universidad Zoolog�a Aplicada, Departamento de Ecolog�a, Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
VBCM Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Catedra de Vertebrados, Faculdad de Biologicas, Madrid, Spain.
VIMS Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, Virginia, U.S.A.
VMM Vanderbilt Marine Museum, Centerport, New York, U.S.A. Most type specimens are now housed at the AMNH.
VSM Det Kgl. Norske Videnskabers Selskab Museet, Trondheim, Norway.
VUW Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand.
WAM Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Collection transferred to MCZ.
WIAP Wistar Institute of Anatomy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Now at ANSP.
WLMH West Lake Musuem, Hangchow, Chekiang, China.
XFCFC Xiamen Fisheries College, Fujian, China.
YCM Yokosuka City Museum, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan.
YPM Yale University, Peabody Museum, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.
YU Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
ZFMK Zoologisches Forschunginstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany.
ZIAN Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences, Leningrad. Same as ZISP.
ZICUP Zoological Institute Charles University, Prague, Czechoslovakia.
ZIHU Hiroshima University, Zoological Institute, Hiroshima, Japan.
ZIK Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Insitute, Kiev, Ukraine.
ZIKU Zoological Institute, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan.
ZIN Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia [preferred acronym]. Also seen as ZIL and ZISP.
ZIUT Zoological Institute of the University of Tokyo. Same as ZUMT.
ZLSYU Zoological Laboratory, Sun Yatsen University, China.
ZMA Universiteit van Amsterdam, Zoologisch Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Usually cited with a period representing a comma, as ZAM 110,456, which we have deleted.
ZMAU Zoological Museum Andhra University, India.
ZMB Universitat Humboldt, Museum fur Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany.
ZMC Deptment of Biology, Zunyi Medical College, Guizhou, China.
ZMFMIB Zoological Museum Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Tsing Hua University, Peiping, China.
ZMH Universitat Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Museum, Hamburg, Germany.
ZMMGU Zoological Museum, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia. Also seen as ZMMU.
ZMMU Zoological Museum, Moscow University, Russia. Sometimes seen in literature as MMSU, ZMMSU, ZMMGY, ZMMGU.
ZMT Georgian State Museum, Zoological Section, Tbilisi, (Asiatic) Georgia.
ZMUA Zoological Museum, University of Amoy, China.
ZMUAS Zoological Museum, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
ZMUB Universitetet i Bergen, Zoologisk Museum, Bergen, Norway.
ZMUC Kobenhavns Universitet Zoologisk Museum (Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen), Copenhagen, Denmark.
ZMUH Zoological Museum, University of Hanoi, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
ZMUI Zoological Museum, University of Istanbul, Turkey.
ZMUL Universitetets Lund, Zoologiska Museet, Lund, Sweden.
ZMUO Universitetets I Oslo, Zoologisk Museum, Oslo, Norway.
ZMUT University of Tokyo, Department of Zoology, University Museum, Tokyo, Japan. Same as ZUMT.
ZMUU Uppsala Universitet, Zoologiska Museet, Uppsala, Sweden.
ZRC Zoological Reference Collection, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
ZSI Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India.
ZSM Zoologische Museum Staatssammlung, M�nchen, Germany.
ZSM/CMK Zoologische Museum Staatssammlung, M�nchen/Collection of Maurice Kottelat.
ZSM/LIPI Zoologische Museum Staatssammlung, M�nchen/specimens eventually to be transferred to Indonesian institution.
ZSP Zoological Survey of Pakistan, Karachi, Pakistan.
ZUEC Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Departmento do Zoologia, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil.
ZUFES Universidad Federal do Esp�rito Santo, Brazil.
ZUMT Department of Zoology, University Museum, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Also seen as ZMUT.
ZVC Depto. de Zoologia Vertebrados de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Montevideo, Uruguay.
ZZSZ Zoology Department, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Zagreb (Zoologijski Zavod, Priodoslovno-matematicki fakultet, Sveucilista u Zagrebu), Zagreb, Croatia.